What Kind of Weeds Are Growing in My Grass?

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Here are some common weeds found in most lawns

In order to effectively reduce the number of weeds in your lawn, you need to understand what kind of weeds are actually growing in your territory. Know your enemy and what you’re up against, so that you can address the problem head on.

Considered as the most common weed in America,  crabgrass is an annual type of grass that breed by seeds and roots from the lower joints. It emerges from middle of spring until summertime when the soil temperature is at 50°F – 55°F, and grows well in hot and dry weather conditions. Crabgrass has 5 different species namely, blanket, tropical, southern, India and smooth crabgrass. The sheaths and blades are either  smooth or hairy, depending on the species.

Otherwise known as Pennywort and the scientific name of Hydrocotyle spp, dollar weed is a perennial type of weed. It breeds from seed, tubers, and underground rhizomes. Dollarweed has a shiny, flat, and bright leaf, which is round in shape with scalloped edges. Just like crabgrass, it also has various species.  The flowers of dollarweed are shaped like umbrellas with white color and consist of numerous 5 petaled smaller flowers. Its petiole is attached at the bottom of the leaf.

Doveweed is a summer, annual type of weed with the scientific name of Murdannia nudiflora, and with a succulent, creeping growth habit. It has small purple flowers; parallel veins and the doveweed seeds are shaped as round capsules. Likewise, its plant is plump and bears fibrous roots.

Prostrate Spurge
Another summer annual weed, Prostrate Spurge does not grow roots at nodes and has a milky sap each time the stem gets broken. The leaves usually have reddish color at the upper leaf corner and are asymmetrical.

A perennial type of weed, torpedograss or Panicum repens (scientific name) has a pointed and sharp spreading rhizomes, white in color. Torpedograss leaf blades have pointed tips and thin hair, while the stems can grow as tall as from 4 to 5 feet if not removed. Seed heads can be present on mature torpedograss plants.

Purple and Yellow Nutsedge
Scientifically known as Cyperus esculentus, these types of nutsedge are perennial and are grown upright. Both have bright leaves and triangular stems. Their leaves are basically longer than their flower stalk and they both form runners underground. Purple nutsedge create a chain of plants while the yellow nutsedge do not form a plant chain but has runners which end at the roots. Purple nutsedge seeds are purple in color and yellow nutsedge seeds are yellow to brown in hue.

Chamberbitter or Phyllanthus urinaria is another summer annual weed with a woody stem. This aggressive type of weed is comprised of a reddish stalk with seeds on the underside part of the leaves’ midrib. It can grow in shade or in full sun and has deep tap roots.

These are just some of the common weeds that can grow in most lawns. Knowing them can help you prevent or reduce their existence in your garden and can keep your lawn weed-free and well-maintained.