Climbing vines are unique and adaptable. They are flexible in softening and connecting architectural structures which include fences, pergolas, arches, and arbors towards the garden close to them. Vines provide flowers, privacy, shade, fragrance, fruits, and even food for animals. No other cluster of plant life can have the same effect.
Before starting your own climbing vines, you need to understand that there are 2 unique ways in which they climb, that is by clinging and twining. Clinging vines are usually attached to flat surfaces on aerial roots which grow out of their stems or distinct structures known as holdfasts. Clinging vines are normally used as wall coverings without the need to construct supports.
On the other hand, twining vines wrap their stems, tendrils, and leaves through a support, as they climb. They need support structures such as latticework, wire, trellises, string, and thin poles to weave and wrap themselves into. Of these 2 types, twining vines are generally easier to control.
As climbing vines do not have to use much of their energy to produce durable and robust stems to keep them straight and standing, they use much of their energy to grow outwardly. Vines are one of the fastest developing landscape plants. As a matter of fact, vines can grow uncontrollably.
It is very important to train your vines’ growth starting from the time it is planted and all throughout its existence in your garden. Training would depend on how your vine climbs, twining or clinging. A very essential characteristic of a growing vine is that it can go straight up as fast as possible and as tall as possible. It is in the vines’ nature that the higher and faster it grows, the faster it catches more light.
Training twining vines on a trellis arch, lattice panel or a fence are more attractive when they are full and lush from the ground upwards. Training the vines on trellis arch at an early start is very important so you can prevent all the leaves from getting at the top and nothing but bare and ugly stems at the lower portion of your plant. If that happens, there is practically nothing you can do to correct it.
When it comes to clinging vines, the method is different. This type of vine when planted, will not instantly cling towards a support. However, as it grows, the vine will take the surface and will begin to grow rapidly in an upward manner. Since you cannot pull the vine from the surface and redirect its growth unlike twining vines, there are things you need to do.
When the vine has already clung to the surface, allow it to grow to as high as 6 to 12 inches, then pinch the vines’ tip. This will push the vine to spread out after that. And once the new leaves have shot up a few inches, do the same thing and they will spread out again. This pinching process will help in creating a fuller look of the vine at the bottom of the surface and it will delay the climbing plant from getting to the top. In the end, you will get a much better coverage.
If you start to train your vine at the onset of its growth, you will ultimately appreciate when it turns out to be a more attractive and fascinating landscape envied by many. The training principles mentioned are especially important when you want to grow perennial vines, which usually grow in gardens for many years.
If you think that you need help from the experts, do so in order to create a more distinct and gorgeous vine landscape. What have you got to lose? Nothing, in fact, you will gain so much.