Growing and tending to fruit trees in your yard is not only visually rewarding but allows you to take back some control over the foods you consume in one of the most organic ways possible. This is a great way to enjoy new fruit varieties as well as getting a better tasting and more nutrient-dense snack. Mass-market fruits are often not picked at the right ripeness, significantly affecting both flavor and vitamin content. Planting fruit trees in your home landscape is an excellent project and can be done with relative ease.
There are some important guidelines to follow when first trying to plant fruit trees. Placement makes a considerable difference for fruit-bearing trees, so things like spacing and light are important factors. Sun should not be blocked by your home or other buildings and obstacles. Too, you should ensure your trees will receive at least six hours of sun during typical growing seasons. Be sure to plant 3 feet from sidewalks and driveway, but 6 feet from buildings and foundations since the root system tends to grow wider than the tree crown. In addition to being spaced apart from structures, you should make sure there is even more space between individual trees, anywhere from 10 to 15 feet from each other is recommended.
The maintenance required after planting isn’t overly involved and depends mostly on the type of trees you are working with. In the early years of growing new fruit trees, and even later in the life cycle, watering is essential. To help retain the available water mulch the base in a medium-sized circle around the base of your tree. Fertilizing and soil composition are of major importance for the actual fruit that comes from these trees. Fertilizing is recommended to help bolster the growing capability of your tree. Modern organic and commercial fertilizers do a tremendous job in helping plants grow. Most fruit trees will require pruning. Pruning helps remove dead and damaged limbs and wood. It is a major maintenance task that will vary depending on the trees you choose but should never be ignored.
Fruit trees are beacons for all sorts of life in a typical yard, from birds and bats to bugs and fungus, there’s no shortage of threats and allies awaiting the home fruit tree. These types of critters and seasonal annoyances are kept under control with various pesticides and herbicides. For example, there are fungal diseases that affect peaches and citrus fruits that cause leaf curl and discoloration. Apples can become infected with the bacterial disease known as fireblight. And moths can transmit worms into some fruit varietals. It’s important to take note of the natural species in your area to watch out for and to learn what types of sprays and deterrents you can use for your variety of fruit tree.
For the best source of information on growing your fruit trees, talk to your local nursery or landscapers they are the ones who have the most experience with your local climate and ecosystem. No matter the direction you take, follow these simple fundamentals, and you can avoid some common mistakes and pitfalls.